Cystitis in dogs which antibiotic to choose? In this article we will address the topic of cystitis in dogs , what to do, the causes, why cystitis in dogs does not pass and natural remedies.
- 1 Cystitis in dogs which antibiotic to choose?
- 2 Cystitis in dog cystitis therapy dog
Cystitis in dogs which antibiotic to choose?
Antibiotic therapy is the first therapeutic choice, the drugs commonly used to treat urinary tract infections in dogs are:
- Amoxicillin for Staphylococci, Streptococci, Enterococci, Proteus is also prescribed for E.coli
- Ampicillin for T afilococci, streptococci, enterococci, Proteus
- Amoxicillin -Clavulanic Acid forStaphylococci, Streptococci, Enterococci, Proteus
- Cephalosporins for Proteus , E. coli
- Doxycycline for Streptococci, when there is a high concentration of E. coli , staphylococci and enterococci in the urine
- Tetracyclines for Streptococci, when there is a high concentration of E. coli , staphylococci and enterococci in the urine
- Trimethoprim for Streptococci, staphylococci, E.coli , Proteus, Klebsiella
* After completion of the antibiotic therapy it is recommended to perform the urinalysis again!
When antibiotics for dog cystitis do not resolve. Treatment failure can be due to several factors:
- Poor willingness of the pet owner to carry out the treatment correctly
- Wrong choice of drug and dosages
- Underlying conditions such as cancer or metabolic / systemic disease
Dog with Cystitis Is Antibiotic Always Helpful?
Pathogenic bacteria responsible for the infection include Escherichia coli , Klebsiella, Staphylococcus, Enterococcus, Proteus, Pseudomonas, Enterobacter, and Streptococcus.
L ‘ Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen in urinary tract infections is both acute and relapsing, g them caugulasi Staphylococci are involved in the formation of struvite. In immunocompromised animals it is also possible to find Candida spp.
Cystitis in the dog LUTD
Bladder infections are usually treated with a 2-3 week course of antibiotics. For more complex and relapsing infections it is necessary to treat the underlying cause, unfortunately it is not uncommon that in whole dogs the LUTD often extends to the prostate gland , due to the blood-prostate barrier, it becomes difficult to completely eliminate the bacteria both from the prostate and both from the urinary tract this is one of the reasons why the dog recurs even when the treatment is adequate; when it comes to relapses and systemic bacteremia , the entire reproductive tract is compromised with consequent abscess inside the prostate.
In the female, bacterial infections are mainly localized in the bladder (cystitis). In males, bacterial infections are localized in the prostate (prostatitis, urethritis and cystitis)
Cystitis in dogs How it is diagnosed
The veterinarian will carry out a first physical examination and will assess on palpation if the bladder is full, it is important to immediately exclude a urinary blockage, more frequent in males.
- Complete urinalysis to check for bacteria (bacteriuria) blood (hematuria) pus (pyuria)
- X-rays – to check for stones
Cystitis in dog cystitis therapy dog
- Water intake is the first cure, always available fresh and clean
- Treat concomitant diseases (e.g. diabetes or chronic kidney failure)
- Immediately provide a natural diet by totally eliminating wheat
- Put your dog on a diet if he is overweight
- Reduce stress and increase physical activity and play
- Supporting natural therapies to manage inflammation and restore intestinal bacterial flora
- Periodically monitor PH and other parameters with Multistix (they do not replace urinalysis performed in the laboratory)
Urolithiasis in dogs, struvite crystals
Struvite uroliths ALWAYS form in association with urinary tract infections – Bacteria thrive in an alkaline environment! Treatments include: antibiotic therapy, urine acidifiers, and dietary feeds to reduce the pH to <6.
When the dog has oxalates
Calcium oxalates are formed when there is an increase in calcium in the urine ( hypercalciuria ). Under normal conditions, excess calcium in the blood is excreted by the kidneys through the urine. In situations of hypercalciuria, on the other hand, excess calcium accumulates in the kidneys and urine and stones are formed, this happens when there is a kidney deficit or when the dog is no longer young. For oxalates, the only natural remedy for dissolution is Renalof (gramigna).
Cystitis in dogs Feed the medicated diet
Struvite stones in dogs, differentiation
- Dogs develop struvite stones when urine is alkaline, rich in magnesium and phosphates, ALWAYS a urinary tract infection at the base ➡ struvite induced infection
- Dogs with pathologies (tumors, kidney diseases, metabolic diseases, etc.) with alkaline urine ( pH: 7.5-8.5) despite being treated with medicated food or acidifying drugs, continue to have struvite crystals even in the absence of a urinary tract infection.
Disrupt the biofilm of extra or intracellular pathogens
Let’s go back to talking about NAC N-acetylcysteine mentioned already in 2013 for its potential in delaying fibrosis in feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy , degenerative myelopathy in dogs , and as a necessary supplement in chronic renal failure.
The NAC – N-acetylcysteine inhibits the production and goes to disrupt the biofilm of pathogens (bacteria and fungi) that are impenetrable to the antibiotic In trade there is the new supplement also produced by Deakos with D-mannose – NONI – lactoferrin, Ausilium Nac for relapsing cystitisIt has favorable effects on the physiological functions of the urinary tract. It has a disintegrating effect on biofilms produced by pathogenic microorganisms. Facilitates the elimination of Escherichia coli and other pathogenic bacteria through the urine. DOES NOT CONTAIN: Gluten , Lactose, Dyes, Preservatives. NICKEL-FREE.