Cat Diet DiseaseCats chronic kidney disease

Stages I-II of chronic renal failure cat: the International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) CLASSIFIES chronic renal failure in cats in four stages :

Stage I : In this first phase of chronic renal failure there are no particular symptoms, it can be found: dull hair, slight increase in water intake, lethargy. The food should preferably be moist, dry food reduced to the bare minimum, in this phase it is possible to move towards a wet senior food with a percentage of raw protein of around 10% – 13% (wet) – For dry products around 22% – 25% raw protein.

Cat with kidney failure stages

Blood values ​​and SDMA tests

Creatinine <140 micromol / l (<1.6 mg / dl) Not insufficient

Azotemia in the norm

SDMA test result> 14μg / dl

No proteinuria <0.2

Normal pressure <150

Stage I-II of chronic renal failure cat

Stage II: the symptoms are loss of appetite, dehydration increase in the amount of urine produced, increased thirst, weight loss. The food must always be moist, renal croquettes reduced to the bare minimum, it is possible to move towards a wet senior food with a percentage of raw protein around 10% (wet). Very few croquettes with a raw protein percentage around 20% – 22%.

Blood values ​​and SDMA tests

Creatinine 140 – 250 micromol / l (1.6 – 2.8 mg / dl) Slightly insufficient

SDMA test result> 14 /> 25 μg / dl

Azotemia: mild

Borderline proteinuria 0.2–0.4

Borderline hypertension 150–159

END STAGE RENAL DISEASE HOW HELP CATS

What to do when the cat is in Stage I of chronic renal failure

Exclude any urinary tract infection and presence of stones with urine and eco-abdomen test examination , many cats at this stage have episodes of acute renal failure.

Supplements to discuss with the veterinarian and to always be administered in cycles, the importance of omega 3 fatty acids in the course of CKD

Omega 3 fatty acids(Brown, Scott A., et al. “Beneficial effects of chronic administration of dietary ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in dogs with renal insufficiency.” Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 131.5 (1998): 447-455. ) are very important in the course of chronic kidney failure, they must be administered as supplement (IFOS certified integrator view: OMEGOR

 

Omegor 

 

My cat! 😉

and the addition of a good salmon oil to pet-food or homemade food is recommended – IF THE CAT DOES NOT TOLERATE THE TASTE OF THE SALMON OIL you can  decide FOR Krill OIL which also contains the powerful anti-inflammatory astaxanthin.

 

 

Mycotherapy to be integrated in cycles from the beginning of renal disease, for further information go to the dedicated pageCordyceps

 

Supplements When the cat is in Stage II of chronic renal failure

 

 

Mycotherapy and phytotherapy in renal failure

Ganoderma Lucidum ( Reishi ), a fungus known for its similar cortisone activity that is of considerable support in reducing inflammation in the kidney.

Astragalus (Astragalus membranaceus), a herbaceous plant that has always been recognized in traditional Chinese medicine for its immunostimulant and diuretic properties.
Turmeric , very appreciated for its ability to counteract the inflammatory processes within the body.
Chitosan, is a polymer of D-glucosamine that incorporates phosphorus which must absolutely be reduced during renal pathology.
Quercetin , bioflavonoid with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and protective against free radicals, cause of frequent oxidative stress in kidney diseases!
Yucca, which reduces the level of intestinal nitrogen and improves protein digestion.
Cranberry (American Red Cranberry), whose fruits, rich in flavonoids have antioxidant and particularly beneficial activities in the lower urinary tract. Cranberry also decreases the amount of uric acid that could lead to the formation of urate stones.
Birch, very effective as a cleansing principle

Indications
DiReNe®, either on its own, in association with any drug therapy or food therapy, guarantees a remarkable support during dog and cat renal diseases, improving their quality of life! Indicated in case of chronic renal failure.

Chitosan

Chitosan known to be able to bind uremic toxins in the intestine reduces azotemia – Astragalus polysaccharides known to contribute to the maintenance of normal kidney architecture by reducing the progression of fibrotic alterations.

cat renal failure Heel protocol

Heel Protocol (homotoxicology) ➡ Specific and supportive for animals suffering from chronic renal failure , the 3 Compositums support residual renal function, improve appetite and general well-being of the animal

  • Ubichinon Compositum (eliminates enzymatic dysfunctions)
  • Coenzyme Compositum (stimulates enzymatic functions)
  • Solidago Compositum (therapeutic of renal function and organ damage)

NEFRORENAL PHYTOCOMPLEX NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENT

NefroRenal FC is a nutritional supplement made up of a mixture of standardized and phytotherapic extracts of Lespedeza, Olea and Betula, specifically designed for CKD patients. It stimulates diuresis and helps to dispose of excess nitrogen waste . It purifies the body, improves the energy state and normalizes arterial pressure. Lespedeza capitata thanks to the flavonoid lespecapitoside, to tannins and catechols, exerts a marked detoxifying action, increasing the elimination of nitrogenous waste. Its active ingredients exert a strong capillarotrophic and vasoprotective action. Olea Europea is rich in secoiridoids, triterpenes, flavonoids that exert hypotensive actions, thanks to peripheral, anti-radical and anti-inflammatory vasodilation. Betula Pendula rich in terpenes that increase diuresis from the volumetric point of view and favor the excretion of nitrogen catabolites (urea and uric acid), sodium methyl salicylate which has an anti-inflammatory and analgesic action on the renal epithelium, which can lead to decreased excretion of albumin, bioflavonoids, quercitin and rutin. (not to be administered together with an Ace inhibitor )

Control of enteric nitrogenous waste with the administration of Probinul / Azodyl for further information go to the dedicated page.

At the beginning it is possible to find diarrhea or constipation, it is necessary to reduce the dosage slightly. Standard dosage: 1 capsule of Probinul 5 a day / s in sachets, half a sachet of Probinul 5 a day. Inquire with your veterinarian if it is appropriate to start IV dosing cycles.

 

Stage I-II of chronic renal failure cat

During chronic renal failure, it is advisable to offer your cat a moist diet, eliminating the crunchy bits that cause inflammation and dehydration. It is not for impositions, everyone is free to feed and feed their pets as they wish, but we must take into account that in recent years cats are increasingly developing important chronic and metabolic diseases: diabetes, IBD intolerances, dermatitis and last but not least renal failure. Food affects the urinary pH and we know that the latter causes the formation of oxalate stones / struvite inflammation in the low urinary tract, not forgetting the hydration aspect that with a predominantly dry diet the kidneys have a surplus of work and the cat lives in a state of chronic dehydration.

Dry cat food should be kept to a minimum, always preferable if you cannot prepare Barf or semi-cooked meat (my choice) buy a good moist for kidney diseases.

LIST OF WET FOOD

In wet pet food, see the percentage of crude protein that is an accurate index of the amount of protein.

For percentages based on the stage of the disease see above CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURES .

* The list of pet food is purely coincidental

 

Biopur Vet Disorders of the kidneys is a product of high quality and certified biological origin, the meats used in fact derive only from animals from organic farming that do not undergo exhausting transports, since the journeys made are short and are limited to the region where the Biopur biological factors: Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

Product features:

  • high energy density product;
  • does not contain fillers, which can be harmful to your cat’s health;
  • highly digestible and assimilable product, with specific formula for the treatment of renal diseases;
  • does not contain conversants, dyes or flavorings and flavor enhancers, often used to make the food more pleasant;
  • absence of nitrites which cause the partial destruction of proteins, mineral salts and vitamins: the product fully satisfies the nutritional requirements.

For the production of Biopur Vet Pathologies of the kidneys only organic foods, suitable for human consumption, certified BIO and PETA (human grade food) are used

  • crude protein 8%;
  • raw fat 5%;
  • fibers 1%;
  • flock ash 2%;
  • humidity 76%;
  • calcium 0.15%;
  • 1.1% essential fatty acids;
  • 0.09% sodium.

 

Renal Actiwet lamb is a complete and balanced wet food for adult cats to support renal function in case of chronic renal failure.

 

Wet cat food

Lily’s Kitchen Whisker Lickin Chicken for cats complete food with 10% protein

High quality wet cat food with 65% freshly prepared chicken meat. Lily’s Kitchen’s Whisker Lickin Chicken is made from only natural ingredients. A totally natural complete food without meat or bone meal. Grain free.

Natures Menu Country Hunter Turkey & Rabbit is made with 96% real meat, obviously of the highest quality and coming from the human food chain. Complete and nutritionally balanced, Natures Menu Country Hunter Turkey & Rabbit contains only raw and highly genuine ingredients, steam cooked to keep all their goodness intact and without altering their taste, structure or nutritional characteristics in any way. Proteins 10.6% , raw fibers 0.3%, crude oils and fats 4.9%, raw ash 2%, humidity 72%.

 

Aniforte complete food with chicken , turkey and rabbit, fine salmon and turkey, natural product for cats

The ingredients are processed as quickly as possible in order to maintain their freshness and natural vitamins. All the precious ingredients remain almost completely intact – so that the nutritional balance and taste is not particularly good either. Protein percentage 10% German company you can view here https://www.aniforte.de

 

without genetic engineering
no formed meat
without bones
not attractive
without added grain
protein substitutes such as soy
Without animal testing
without artificial colorings
without artificial flavors
no EU additives
without preservatives

 

Cat nutrition with chronic kidney disease

  • It must aim to reduce the workload on the kidneys so as to avoid uremic crises
  • Must be digestible and meet nutritional needs
  • Must have a reduced phosphorus contribution
  • Must be sodium free

So with diet you have to

  • Reduce phosphorus levels
  • Fighting metabolic acidosis
  • Meeting nutritional needs
  • Avoiding protein catabolism

Don’t worry if your cat doesn’t eat or refuses food is normal at chronic kidney disease renal drink, don’t be discouraged, BUT don’t let him fast, the cat must always eat at the limit you can give a very liquid food with syringe like ORALADE RF.

 

Cats chronic kidney disease

 

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